A Diasporic Pulse of Faith & Patience
November 4 – February 15, 2019
‘Art comes from everywhere. It’s your response to your surroundings’ – Damien Hirst.
New York City. Half a world away from the home of Andy Leleisi’uao in the suburban streets of South Auckland.
The winner of the 26th Annual Wallace Arts Trust Paramount Award in 2017, Leleisi’uao completed a 5 month residency at the International Studio & Curatorial Program (ISCP) in NYC in 2018 as part of his award.
Leleisi’uao is no stranger to NYC, having visited and exhibited frequently over the past decade. In 2009, he delivered the solo exhibition Asefeka of the Unmalosa (Kips Gallery, Chelsea). In 2010, he returned to NYC with the BCA Gallery group show MANUIA and in 2011 delivered the solo project The Ufological City of New York to the VOLTA – NY Art Fair.
While on residency in NYC in 2018, Andy lived in a neighbourhood that was on the poverty line, and so experienced the many faces of the city. “What we see – the conscious and the subconscious will come out when you are working,” says Leleisi’uao. “It waits until you’re ready – until you’ve worked at it. And you never know where it’s going to take you.”
Strange and familiar creatures populate the canvases in a predominant palette of black and white within the alternative world that is A Diasporic Pulse of Faith & Patience. The construct is beguilingly sophisticated, an interconnected, grid like structure of perpetual motion, the characters morphing and evolving, seemingly reliant on each other for survival, as a new world civilization takes shape.
It is an emotional, immersive experience. Here you are invited to view the human condition from a whole new perspective, the artist relating a commanding story of how we can evolve as a species, regardless of cultural stature, religious conviction, skin colour or sexual orientation. ‘In society we don’t accept people easily, because they look different, but in this world it doesn’t matter.’
Despite the seriousness of the message, an underlying sense of humour permeates Andy’s storyline. Components from his immediate surround – jandals, wine and beer bottles, spray cans, his NY studio key, hammers – provide portals back to the present timeline.
Over two decades, Andy’s CV has grown to now total 80 solo presentations and 147 group projects. During this he has exhibited in Taipei, Rarotonga, Slovakia, Hungary, Australia, New York and throughout New Zealand. He has won awards and undertaken residencies. His work is included in the permanent collections of the Pataka Art + Museum; Museum of New Zealand – Te Papa Tongarewa; Auckland Art Gallery – Toi O Tāmaki; Chartwell Collection; New Zealand Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade; James Wallace Arts Trust; Auckland University; Canterbury University; Otago University; Manukau City; Pacific Business Trust; Casula Powerhouse, Sydney, and the Museum of Ethnography, Frankfurt.
Kia Orana. Welcome everyone to Andy Leleisiʻuao’s A Diasporic Pulse of Faith & Patience, his twentieth show with Ben Bergman. I would like to begin by extending warm congratulations and thanks to Andy and the team at Bergman Gallery. I feel honoured to speak here, both because Andy is one of the most highly respected painters practising in Aotearoa New Zealand, and because I have personally admired his work for some time. Until last year, I was responsible for looking after an art collection that included two earlier paintings from the same Diaspora series to which the works in this show belong, and they held a profound and manifold wonder.
Such wonder is characteristic of Andy’s art. It possesses great beauty and wit but is never about superficial prettiness or one-liners. His paintings are dense with memorable detail. Spend even a short time looking at the works in this show, and the figures, objects, and scenes Andy has made will lodge themselves in your mind’s eye. They will travel with you as you leave the gallery later tonight and move about the everyday world. Even after many views, new details will emerge, sneak up on you. As such, repeated visits are recommended. I suspect this is a reason that the present show runs for several months. The gallery knows, from experience, that one look will not be enough.
The works you see here are travellers, and not only from Aotearoa. The twelve largest were made last year in New York City, during a five-month residency Andy received when he won the prestigious Wallace Arts Trust Paramount Award in 2017. The visit to New York was not Andy’s first. He had already shown there several times, and so was returning to a place to some extent familiar. Traces of that bustling, migrant city, and the experience of being there, may be found in these paintings (some of you might like to try tracking down the key to his residency studio or his lunchtime banana). But the most important impact was no doubt the time and space to think and make, pushing his Diaspora works in new directions.
The series is immediately recognisable for its forms in silhouette, created by brush and hand (Andy likes to speak of his fingerprints being all over his works). The majority are in black and bordered by a misty halo reminiscent of charcoal smudges, a feature that lends the works a certain ethereality or other-worldliness, even before their specific content is considered. The images are made up of compartments mostly populated by human (or human-like) figures. This pictorial system relates to a host of image-making traditions from round the world. Comic books, which Andy has enjoyed since his youth, are one reference point. I think, too, of friezes on Greek temples, tomb paintings from Egypt, sculptures on South-East Asian buildings, and carvings on elephant tusks from West Africa.
The use of silhouettes and compartments points to two key and related concepts underpinning Andy’s work: the fundamental unity of human experience, and the importance of acceptance. The identities of the figures he paints are not clear. They might be of any colour, creed, or sexual orientation. They not only occupy the same spaces but do so in relative peace. These are not conflict-ridden pictures. That is not to say that the figures, which the artist terms ‘imaginary friends’, are free of trials. Certainly, there are moments of pathos, even melancholy. A passage that consistently attracts my attention shows an ominous horned creature placing or removing an orb from one bowl of a set of scales. Slung in the other bowl is a small figure. The scene recalls Christian depictions of Saint Michael weighing souls—perhaps questioning the judgmental aspect of organised religion, perhaps suggesting that morality remains independent of the same.
Morals undoubtedly figure in Andy’s thinking. During breakfast this morning, I noticed that he was checking out a 1980s comic book on an auction website. He explained that he was attracted to comics of that era due their downplaying of violence (he also pointed out the excellence of their artwork). Back then, the mission to do the right thing was at the centre of the narrative. I was reminded of my visit to Andy’s Māngere home and studio last week. While he made coffee, I poked around. Hanging on the walls were similar comics in protective sleeves featuring African-American as well as white heroes. There were also action figurines, Moana/Pacific sculptures, a poster of Muhammad Ali. I spied books by seminal writers of colour, such as Maya Angelou, and several editions of Harper Lee’s To Kill a Mockingbird, the first book Andy read cover to cover. He noted, with a grin, that he’d imagined the upstanding Atticus Finch to be Samoan, like him.
I’m wary of making grand statements about precisely how real-world entities and environments relate to Andy’s invented situations. But perhaps it will suffice to observe that while these paintings are filled with specific references to the artist’s personal life and cultural background, they appeal to visitor-viewers from everywhere, inviting all of us to project ourselves on to them, as Andy projected on to Atticus Finch. As you roam round the artist’s worlds (there’s no itinerary; all pathways are equally valid), you will find that they include beings of all kinds, regardless of the number, placement, and shape of their body parts, and whether they travel by vaka or flying saucer.
‘Diaspora’ as a term is often tinged with pain, evoking the leaving of a homeland under pressure, rather than by pure choice, and consequent feelings of disconnection, unmooring. The works in this show do not necessarily negate these connotations. As I mentioned before, aspects of pathos can be detected. I for one cannot look at a painted panda without recalling the fragility of the natural world and the threat we humans pose. But there is also great optimism at play. Gazing at forms that dance between jellyfish and vaporous heads, I think of how much we still do not know about ourselves, our planet, and the immense cosmos to which we are all connected. Finding our place is a very great puzzle. So many pieces to try to fit together. So many tricky questions to answer. But there’s no need to wallow in a sense of futility, provided we are tolerant, operate in good faith, and have patience. Francis McWhannell.